Atopic eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a dry skin condition that varies from person to person. It is not contagious so you cannot catch it from someone1.
During a flare up the skin may become red and sore and is characterised mainly by the unbearable itch. It can be present in small or large patches on any part of the body but usually starts on the face in babies and often affects the skin creases, neck, back of knees, inside elbows and wrists2.
Atopic eczema affects 1 in 5 children and 1 in 12 adults in Ireland.3
Genetics and environmental factors play a role in atopic eczema and in most cases there will be a family history of eczema or one of the other atopic conditions, such as asthma or hayfever.1
Zirtek is not licenced for the treatment of Eczema.
The main characteristic of atopic eczema is the itch which can lead to sleep loss and a great deal of frustration.
Flare-ups can happen at any time and may affect any part of the body causing small or large areas of red sore skin. The skin may then calm down for a period of time but tends to remain dry and itchy.
Atopic eczema can affect any part of the body, with the most common areas that are affected being some or all of the following:
- backs or fronts of the knees
- outside or inside of the elbows
- around the neck
- cheeks, often in babies
Many families and people with atopic eczema find that there is a connection between eczema and stress, although whether the stress causes the eczema or vice versa is less clear.
Zirtek is not licensed to treat Eczema symptoms. Please contact your healthcare provider
Although there is no easy cure for atopic eczema, a variety of treatments can help ease the symptoms. Children with atopic eczema may find that their symptoms naturally improve over time.
Medication used to treat atopic eczema includes:
- emollients – used all the time for dry skin
- topical corticosteroids – used to reduce swelling and redness during flare-ups
These two medicines provide effective treatment for most cases of eczema.4
Zirtek is not licensed to treat Eczema symptoms. Please contact your healthcare provider for information on these treatments
Urticaria is also known as hives or nettle rash. Urticaria is very common and affects one in five people at some point in their lives. In most people, it settles quickly and is no more than a mild inconvenience, but it can be severe, long-lasting and troublesome in some cases.
Urticaria can be classified as acute or chronic. Chronic urticaria is if symptoms lasts more than 6 weeks. In acute urticaria (approx. 20 per cent of urticaria cases) the cause is allergy. Recurrent outbreaks, each lasting for only a few hours, especially if seasonal, are more likely to be allergy-related. They often occur in people who have other allergy symptoms (asthma, hayfever, food allergy etc.).5
Urticaria (Hives) Symptoms6
Urticaria (hives) can take on many different appearances but it always includes an outbreak of pimples known as “nettle rash” which may appear anywhere on the body and is accompanied by itching. It is characterised by red, swollen and very itchy welts that form on the skin.
What causes Urticaria
Some of the main allergic causes of acute urticaria include:
- food allergens (eggs, fish, nuts, fruit)
- medicine allergens
- aeroallergens (pollen, mildew, animal hair, etc.)
- insect stings (bees, wasps)
If you experience Urticaria frequently, with each outbreak lasting for only a few hours, then it is more likely to be allergy-related or from physical stimuli such as sunlight, cold, pressure and vibration.
- https://www.allergyuk.org/information-and-advice/conditions-and-symptoms/416-urticaria-hives-and-other-skin-allergy – downloadable factsheet Urticaria and Angioedema
- BMA; Title: Understanding allergies; Publication year:2006;Publisher: family doctor Publication; author: Dr Joanne Clough; Page 43-44